Timeline


  • 1466 - Desiderius Erasmus is born in Rotterdam.
  • 1483 - Erasmus' parents die. He and his brother are put into the care of guardians. Erasmus then begins school at Hertogenbosch at the urge of his guardians.
  • 1487 - Erasmus enters the monastery of the Augustinian Canons Regular at Steyn.
  • 1489 - Erasmus writes the first draft of the "Antibarbarians."
    • An Embassy sent from Henry VII of England signe a treaty in Spain which negotiates an alliance between England and Spain. It is to be sealed with the marriage of Arthur, Prince of Wales and Catherine of Aragon.
    • The future Leo X is made a cardinal.
  • 1493 - Erasmus leaves the monastery and becomes secretary to the bishop of Cambrai, Hendrik van Bergen; Erasmus' "Against the Barbarians" is published.
  • 1498 - Erasmus travels to England where he meets Thomas More, John Colet, and the future Henry VIII, who was 8 years old ath the time.
  • 1501 - Erasmus writes "Enchiridion," and "On Moral Duties" is published.
  • 1502 - Erasmus moves to the university town of Leuven.
    • Arthur, Prince of Wales, dies.
  • 1505
    • Martin Luther enters the monastery of the Augustinian monks at Erfurt.
  • 1507 - Erasmus moves to Siena, Italy where he meets the future Pope Leo X, Giovanni de' Medici.
    • Martin Luther begins his theological studies & is ordained a priest.
  • 1509 - Erasmus' "Enchiridion" is republished.
    • Luther becomes a Biblical Baccalaureate.
    • Henry VIII weds Catherine of Aragon. Henvry VIII is crowned King of England and Catherine of Aragon is crowned Queen of England.
  • 1516 - Erasmus' New Testament is published.
  • 1517 - Erasmus writes to Leo X: "If ever there was a golden age, then there is good hope that ours will be one."
    • Martin Luther's "95 Theses" is nailed on the church door in Wittenberg, marking the beginning of the Reformation.
  • 1518 - Erasmus begins to write letters back and forth with Miartin Luther.
    • Martin Luther's "Resolutions Concerning the 95 Theses" appears; Luther dedicates it to Leo X.
    • The new papal decree on indulgences is published. Luther can no longer argue against indulgences without arguing against the pope's authority.
  • 1519 - Erasmus sends a letter to Frederick the wise informing him of the discontent of the University of Louvain against Luther. He asks for the protection of Luther.
  • 1521 - Erasmus moves to Basel where he will remain until 1529.
    • Luther receives an invitation to the Diet of Worms.
    • At the Diet of Worms, Luther states the famous words, "Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me! Amen."
  • 1524 - Erasmus' "The Free Will" and new edition of the "Colloquies" appears.
  • 1526 - The Sorbonne condemns Erasmus' "Colloquies."
    • Martin Luther's books are burned in England.
    • Henry VIII begins his plans to divorce Catherine by declaring that Henry and Catherine's marriage is invalid on the grounds that she had been married to Henry's brother, Arthur.
  • 1530 - Erasmus is unable to attend the Diet of Augsburg due to his poor health.
  • 1534
    • King Henry VIII declares himself supreme head of the church in England.
  • 1535 - Erasmus is secretly offered the cardinal's hat by Pope Paul III but declines.
    • The Council of Two Hundred in Geneva abolishes the Catholic mass.
  • 1536 - Erasmus dies in Basel.